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Tag: Mitochondrial function

How NAD Helps Chronic Fatigue

Is NAD a potential answer for chronic fatigue? According to research, very likely.

Chronic fatigue is a complex and debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by persistent and unexplained fatigue that is not relieved by rest. Individuals with chronic fatigue often experience a significant reduction in their ability to perform daily activities, impacting their overall quality of life. Managing chronic fatigue requires a multifaceted approach, including understanding the role of NAD in the body and its connection to this condition.

What is Chronic Fatigue?

Chronic fatigue, also known as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), is a long-term illness that affects multiple body systems. It is more than just feeling tired; it is a severe and persistent fatigue that lasts for at least six months. This debilitating condition can greatly impact a person’s quality of life, making even simple daily tasks feel overwhelming.

Living with chronic fatigue can be incredibly challenging. The constant exhaustion can leave individuals feeling drained and unable to participate in activities they once enjoyed. Simple tasks like getting out of bed or taking a shower can become monumental feats. The physical and mental toll of chronic fatigue can lead to feelings of frustration, isolation, and depression.

One of the most frustrating aspects of chronic fatigue is the lack of understanding surrounding its cause. Despite extensive research, scientists have yet to pinpoint a specific cause for this condition. It is believed to be a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and immunological factors. This complexity makes it difficult to develop effective treatments and interventions.

Defining Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a complex disorder with no known cause. It is diagnosed based on the presence of specific symptoms and the exclusion of other medical conditions that could explain the fatigue. The exact mechanisms behind chronic fatigue syndrome are not fully understood, making it a challenging condition to manage.

Individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome often face skepticism and disbelief from others due to the lack of visible physical symptoms. This can further exacerbate the emotional toll of the condition, as they may struggle to find validation and support from those around them. Raising awareness and understanding about chronic fatigue syndrome is crucial to providing empathy and support to those living with this invisible illness.

Common Symptoms and Diagnosis

The symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome can vary from person to person but typically include unexplained fatigue, post-exertional malaise, sleep disturbances, cognitive impairment, and autonomic dysfunction. These symptoms can be debilitating and significantly impact daily functioning. Unexplained fatigue is a hallmark symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome. It is not relieved by rest and can worsen with physical or mental activity. This persistent exhaustion can make it difficult to maintain employment, engage in social activities, and fulfill family responsibilities.

Post-exertional malaise is another common symptom experienced by individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome. It refers to a worsening of symptoms after physical or mental exertion. Even simple tasks like grocery shopping or attending a social gathering can lead to a severe increase in fatigue and other symptoms, often lasting for days or even weeks.

Diagnosing chronic fatigue syndrome involves ruling out other potential causes of fatigue through a thorough medical evaluation that includes blood tests, imaging studies, and assessment of symptoms. It is essential for healthcare professionals to carefully consider all possible explanations for fatigue and to provide a comprehensive evaluation to ensure an accurate diagnosis.

Living with chronic fatigue syndrome requires a multidisciplinary approach to management. Treatment options may include a combination of medication, lifestyle modifications, and psychological support. Individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome need to work closely with their healthcare team to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses their unique needs and symptoms.

While there is currently no cure for chronic fatigue syndrome, ongoing research, and advancements in medical understanding offer hope for improved management and quality of life for those living with this challenging condition.

The Science Behind NAD

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells and is involved in various biological processes, including energy production and DNA repair. NAD exists in two forms: NAD+ and NADH. NAD+ is the oxidized form, while NADH is the reduced form. Maintaining adequate levels of NAD+ is crucial for optimal cellular function.

When it comes to understanding the science behind NAD, it is important to delve into the intricate details of its functions and how it impacts the body. NAD plays a vital role in energy metabolism, acting as a coenzyme in the process of converting food into energy. It participates in redox reactions, transferring electrons between molecules and enabling ATP synthesis, the primary energy currency of cells. This means that without NAD, our cells would struggle to produce the energy needed for various physiological processes.

Furthermore, NAD is not only involved in energy production but also serves as a substrate for enzymes involved in DNA repair and gene expression regulation. These enzymes rely on NAD to carry out their functions effectively. DNA repair is essential for maintaining the integrity of our genetic material, preventing mutations, and ensuring proper cell division. Gene expression regulation, on the other hand, controls which genes are turned on or off, influencing various cellular processes and ultimately impacting our overall health.

The Function of NAD in the Body

NAD’s multifaceted role in the body highlights its significance in maintaining optimal cellular function. By acting as a coenzyme, NAD facilitates the conversion of food into usable energy through glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation. These energy-producing pathways rely on NAD+ as a cofactor for various enzymes, ensuring the efficient breakdown of glucose and other nutrients to generate ATP.

Moreover, NAD’s involvement in redox reactions allows it to transfer electrons between molecules, playing a crucial role in cellular respiration. This process involves the transfer of electrons from NADH to the electron transport chain, ultimately leading to the production of ATP. Without NAD, this electron transfer would be disrupted, hindering ATP synthesis and compromising cellular energy levels.

In addition to its role in energy metabolism, NAD also serves as a vital component in DNA repair mechanisms. DNA damage can occur due to various factors, such as exposure to harmful UV radiation or chemical mutagens. To maintain genomic stability, cells rely on enzymes that utilize NAD as a substrate to repair damaged DNA. These enzymes recognize and correct errors in the DNA sequence, preventing the accumulation of mutations that could lead to diseases like cancer.

How NAD Levels Affect Energy Production

The impact of NAD levels on energy production cannot be overstated. When NAD+ levels decline, the energy-producing pathways mentioned earlier can be disrupted. This disruption can lead to decreased ATP synthesis and an overall reduction in cellular energy levels. As a result, cells may struggle to perform their essential functions, leading to fatigue, decreased physical performance, and impaired overall health.

Furthermore, low NAD+ levels can also affect other cellular processes that rely on energy, such as protein synthesis and cell signaling. Protein synthesis is crucial for building and repairing tissues, while cell signaling allows cells to communicate and coordinate their activities. Without sufficient NAD+, these processes may be compromised, leading to a cascade of effects that can impact various aspects of our health and well-being.

In conclusion, understanding the science behind NAD is essential for comprehending its vital role in the body. From energy production to DNA repair and gene expression regulation, NAD plays a multifaceted role in maintaining optimal cellular function. By ensuring adequate NAD+ levels, you can support your cells’ energy needs and promote overall health and well-being.

NAD and Chronic Fatigue: The Connection

“NADH helps your body make energy. Some people take it in supplement form to treat chronic fatigue syndrome.” (Adrienne Delwo, verywellhealth, July 11, 2023) 

Emerging research suggests a link between NAD and chronic fatigue. One potential mechanism is the impact of NAD on mitochondrial function.

The Impact of NAD on Mitochondrial Function

Mitochondria are often referred to as the “powerhouses” of cells because they generate the majority of the cell’s energy in the form of ATP. NAD+ is essential for mitochondrial function, as it is a key regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis and dynamics. It is also involved in the electron transport chain, which is responsible for ATP production.

Furthermore, NAD+ plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance between energy production and cellular repair. It acts as a cofactor for various enzymes involved in DNA repair and maintenance, ensuring the integrity of the mitochondrial genome. This is particularly important because mitochondrial DNA is more susceptible to damage compared to nuclear DNA due to its proximity to reactive oxygen species generated during ATP synthesis.

In addition to its role in ATP production and DNA repair, NAD+ also influences other mitochondrial processes. It regulates the production of reactive oxygen species, which are natural byproducts of cellular respiration. By maintaining the delicate balance of reactive oxygen species, NAD+ helps prevent oxidative stress, a condition characterized by an imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species and the body’s ability to neutralize them. Oxidative stress can damage cellular components, including proteins, lipids, and DNA, leading to mitochondrial dysfunction and fatigue.

NAD Deficiency and Chronic Fatigue

Studies have shown that individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome may have lower levels of NAD+. NAD deficiency can impair mitochondrial function, leading to reduced ATP synthesis and decreased cellular energy. This energy deficit may contribute to the severe fatigue experienced by individuals with chronic fatigue.

Moreover, NAD+ depletion can disrupt the delicate balance of reactive oxygen species, tipping the scales towards oxidative stress. The resulting damage to mitochondrial components further exacerbates the energy deficit and contributes to the persistent fatigue observed in chronic fatigue syndrome.

Interestingly, NAD+ supplementation has shown promising results in alleviating fatigue symptoms in some individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome. By replenishing NAD+ levels, mitochondrial function can be restored, leading to increased ATP production and improved cellular energy. Additionally, NAD+ supplementation may help rebalance the production of reactive oxygen species, reducing oxidative stress and protecting mitochondrial integrity.

Further research is needed to fully understand the complex relationship between NAD, mitochondrial function, and chronic fatigue. However, the emerging evidence suggests that targeting NAD metabolism and mitochondrial health may hold promise as a potential therapeutic approach for individuals suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome.

Boosting NAD Levels for Chronic Fatigue Management

Enhancing NAD levels may be a potential strategy for managing chronic fatigue. Both natural and medical approaches can help increase NAD+ levels in the body.

Natural Ways to Increase NAD Levels

Several lifestyle factors can influence NAD+ levels. Regular exercise, a well-balanced diet, and adequate sleep have been shown to support NAD+ production. Certain foods, such as dairy products, fish, and nuts, contain precursors to NAD+ synthesis, including niacin and tryptophan. Additionally, some dietary supplements, such as nicotinamide riboside, have been found to boost NAD+ levels.

Medical Treatments to Enhance NAD Production

In certain cases, medical interventions may be necessary to increase NAD+ levels. NAD+ precursors, such as nicotinamide riboside or nicotinamide mononucleotide, can be taken as supplements to support NAD+ synthesis. However, consulting with a healthcare professional before starting any supplementation regimen is essential to ensure safety and efficacy.

Potential Risks and Considerations

While increasing NAD+ levels may hold promise for managing chronic fatigue, it is important to consider potential risks and side effects.

Side Effects of NAD Supplementation

NAD+ supplementation is generally well-tolerated, but some individuals may experience side effects such as flushing, dizziness, or gastrointestinal disturbances. It is crucial to speak with a healthcare professional before starting any new treatment to discuss the potential risks and benefits.

When to Consult a Healthcare Professional

If you are experiencing chronic fatigue or suspect you may have chronic fatigue syndrome, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management plan. They can help determine whether NAD+ augmentation may be a suitable option for you and provide guidance on lifestyle modifications and other treatment strategies.


In conclusion, understanding the role of NAD in managing chronic fatigue is a critical step in addressing this challenging condition. NAD plays a crucial role in energy production and mitochondrial function, both of which are closely linked to the symptoms experienced by individuals with chronic fatigue. By exploring natural ways to increase NAD levels and considering medical interventions, individuals with chronic fatigue may find relief and improved quality of life. Consulting with a healthcare professional is essential to develop a personalized management plan that considers individual needs and considerations. Begin increasing NAD levels in the body to boost energy and improve sleep quality. Accuri® Vitality Boost is a groundbreaking NAD supplement.

Lastly, if you’re interested in going deeper on health-related content, here are a few of our recent posts that you may want to read:

  1. Why Muscle Is Your Biggest Alley in the Anti-Aging Strategy
  2. The 24 Hottest Biohacking Trends in 2024
  3. NAD Optimization: Real People, Real Results
  4. 9 Powerful Benefits of Optimizing Your NAD

P.S. Want to boost your intracellular NAD levels? Try a 2 week trial of our Jinfiniti Vitality Boost (do 2 scoops per day), use the discount code welcome20 if you’re a new customer for 20% off your 1st order)

The 24 Hottest Biohacking Trends in 2024

One question we get asked a lot is, what are the latest biohacking trends? So today we want to breakdown the 24 hottest biohacking trends in 2024. Which of the hottest trends stand out as the most important for you? 

According to our research here at the Jinfiniti, the following biohacking trends stand out, though there’s some that we’ve missed undoubtedly: 

1. A shift towards efficacy-based science.

Mindbody and Class Pass’s annual prediction details a shift in 2024’s consumers from misinformation toward science-based, performance-driven products and services. The report explains that consumers are using clinical studies and research as a metric in their wellness choices, while becoming increasingly savvy about what they put in their bodies and who they listen to for advice. 

2. NAD.

NAD, believe it or not, is still in the early stages of becoming mainstream. It will at least be another year before it leaps into larger adoption by the public. However, early adopters are already big believers in its 360 ability to optimize the human body. NAD plays a crucial role in the human body by serving as a coenzyme involved in over 500 cellular processes, including energy production and DNA repair.

3. Metabolic function.

Most health disorders and diseases stem from some type of metabolic dysfunction. In 2024, understanding and optimizing metabolic function is gaining prominence as a crucial health trend because it directly impacts energy levels, weight management, and overall well-being. This is why it’s one of the six root causes of aging

4. Stem cell innovations.

Stem cell treatments show a lot of promise for treating different types of cancer and other joint/physical pain (although it is largely unvalidated through clinical trials). Whole body stem cell treatments are gaining popularity as well as other specific-use cases, though you’ll likely have to travel outside of the US to get treatments. If you do this, proceed with caution and do your research. 

5. Brain optimization.

Nootropics, NAD, brain exercise devices and at-home neurofeedback such as Apollo Neuro and Sensai are becoming extremely popular among the biohacking community. There is an uphill movement around getting mentally sharper as you age, something science supports as entirely possible.  

6. Inflammation.

Inflammation and Pain innovations:  One of the top five health issues, it affects millions of people. Innovations are happening with the use of sound based devices like StemWave that activate stem cells in your body to reduce pain and even the use of psychedelics like ketamine and psilocybin to treat pain. Additionally, expect more high powered turmeric based supplements with other anti-inflammatory nutrients to emerge. As we learn more about how inflammation induces disease states, we’re accelerating ways to combat inflammation (NAD optimization, for instance, significantly reduces inflammation). Here at Jinfiniti, we have a new inflammation test and product coming out in the 1st half of the year to help combat one of the six root causes of aging.

7. Optimized gut health.

Gut health has become a major health trend because a balanced and thriving gut not only aids in effective digestion, but also influences aspects of overall well-being, from immune function to mood regulation. Supplements like Seed are groundbreaking in creating important innovations in probiotic delivery. 

8. Red light therapy.

Red light therapy is gaining popularity for its abilities to promote cellular repair, reduce inflammation, and enhance skin health. As the spectrum of colors expands, so does our depth of understanding.

9. Mental health breakthroughs with psychedelics.

The use of psychedelics is showing promising breakthroughs by offering unique therapeutic perspectives, potentially bringing mental health breakthroughs to illnesses such as depression and PTSD through profound and transformative experiences. MDMA and psilocybin in particular are expected to be federally decriminalized in 2024, according to pioneers of the movement. 

10. The use of psychedelics to accelerate physical recovery and pain reductio.

Psychedelics are also being explored for physical rehab, with some studies suggesting their potential to assist in pain management and rehabilitation by altering perception and enhancing the mind-body connection. Rehabilitation for stroke victims (see here) and research is currently being done for dealing with pain (ketamine, for example, is being used with success to help treat chronic pain). 

11. Organ supplements.

Organ meats, used for most of humankind history and loaded with essential vitamins and minerals, stopped being part of our regular diet after WWII, which contributes to missing elements in our diets. This article makes the case for it. If you’re looking for a great brand, Ancestral Supplements is one of the best brands for grass-fed organ supplements on the market.

12. Cold therapy.

Cold plunges and cryotherapy will continue to rise in popularity because of their abilities to reduce inflammation, accelerate muscle recovery, ramp up immune systems and regulate brain chemistry.

13. Hot therapy.

Hot saunas, including red light saunas, are on the rise, for not only providing a relaxing moment in your day, but also for promoting cardiovascular health, detoxing and losing weight and easing muscle tension. 

14. Advanced pain relieving fibers.

Companies like Intelligent Threads are working with quantum principles and theoretical physicists to develop fibers that work with your body’s skeletal system and send signals to your muscles to relax. One of our team members bought a shirt at A4M and noticed an immediate relaxation effect in his body. 

15. Peptides.

While facing stiff regulatory challenges, you can expect that peptides will continue to occupy a prominent place in our minds, partly because of their effectiveness (and risk as well). Peptides act as versatile signaling molecules that can influence various physiological processes, making them essential for functions ranging from immune response to tissue repair to hormonal balance. 

16. Mitochondrial function.

As more products come out that improve and elevate this vital component of our body’s health (our Vitality Boost, for instance, gives a huge improvement to mitochondrial function because NAD is used), we understand more and more that optimal mitochondrial health is crucial. These cellular powerhouses not only generate energy but also impact overall cellular function, influencing everything from metabolism and aging to disease resilience.

17. Biomarker testing.

You can expect an increase in awareness and usage of biomarker tests in our culture, because they offer personalized insights into individual health profiles and enable proactive wellness by assessing specific indicators that go far beyond traditional diagnostics. Plus, new tests will be coming out (we have several of our own).

18. EMS body suits for workouts.

These are expanding in popularity because of the potential to get the equivalent of a two-hour workout in 20 mins (+ 20 mins to get the suit on!). These workouts will leave you dripping with sweat. See this story for more information. 

19. New wearable health tech.

Sleep trackers, glucose monitors, step counters and smartwatches won’t be the only games in town for long, but you can expect these to expand in their abilities as well. I expect to see more at-home, wearable brain-optimization devices like Neurovizor or Sensai to gain traction.

20. Glucose monitoring.

Glucose monitoring is important for managing overall health—and not just for individuals with diabetes. Monitoring your blood sugar levels reduces the risk of later complications. Levels is arguably the best app on the market for this.

21. AI.

The use of helpful AI to give health insight, data, and recommendations will continue to accelerate as AI gets smarter every minute, literally. We can see a future where it’s recommending supplements, adjusting foods, recommending exercises, and helping you actively prevent disease.

22. Alcohol alternatives.

The rising popularity of foregoing alcohol reflects a trend towards cleaner, low-carb alternatives that align with a healthier lifestyle while offering a mindful approach to socializing. Hard ketones in particular are gaining popularity and improving in taste. Ketonaid has a tasty piña colada. Kratom is another supplement/drink that is gaining popularity with Kratom bars popping up around many parts of the country. 

23. Women’s health issues taking centerstage.

Did you know that almost all drug testing and development is done primarily with the white male in mind? This means that half of our species—with their unique hormone biochemistry makeup—is left out, not to mention the diversity of ethnicities who also get left out, and other individuals with unique DNA profiles, gut microbiome differences and more. This is a change we look forward to seeing take place all over the globe. 

24. Wellness retreats.

The rising trend of wellness retreats underscores a collective desire for much more holistic well-being. People in the biohacking space crave rejuvenating escapes that are not only fun, but combine self-care practices, mindfulness activities, and healthy lifestyle choices, usually set in an idyllic setting. 

Additional Resources:

Lastly, if you’re interested in going deeper on health-related content, here are a few of our recent posts that you may want to read:

  1. Why Optimized, Precision Medicine is the Future
  2. Andrew Huberman is Wrong About NAD, NMN & Longevity
  3. 9 Powerful Benefits of Optimizing Your NAD
  4. What Does Peak Performance Look Like? 

P.S. Want to boost your intracellular NAD levels? Try a 2 week trial of our Jinfiniti Vitality Boost (do 2 scoops per day), use the discount code welcome20 if you’re a new customer for 20% off your 1st order)